Tuesday, 24 December 2013
The important aspects of learning includes careful listening, paying attention, understanding, synthesizing and organizing all main ideas in our brain. These components require a good note taking technique for an effective and better understanding. There are many ways to take notes, and everyone seems to have their preference when it comes to note taking. Many methods involve some or all of the 5 R’s of note taking: record, reduce, recite, reflect, and review. Let me brief on these 5R's.
The first step in note taking is record. When you record, write down only important facts and details. When you take notes be sure to write only the things that are important and not the words that doesn't matter. The second step when taking notes is to reduce your information or notes to short simple phrases. When reducing your notes to short phrases you will take out only the important words from a paragraph and make it into a smaller sentence or phrase.The third step to note taking is to recite. When you recite your notes jot down the important informations into your own words.The fourth step in note taking is reflect. For this step you will look back at your notes and add any information to them that you think is important to know or add to them.The last step in note taking is review. When you review go back and look at your notes and information that you have written down.Like any skill, note taking develops with practice. Practicing proven note taking techniques can dramatically improve a student’s academic performance.
Sunday, 1 December 2013
The degree of memorizing something repeatedly beyond the point at which you think you know is termed 'Overlearning'. This overlearning is generally used in kinder-gardens for their initial learning and also in music or other physical skills because it helps complex actions become more automatic and easier. This overlearning should not be mistaken for cramming because cramming does not yield long term knowledge or understanding of the material. On the other hand, overlearning helps in acquiring procedural memory. In this context, I would like to brief on what procedural memory is: It is a memory for the performance of particular types of actions. This is created through procedural training or repeating a complex activity over and over again. The procedural memory involves the utilization of cognitive and motor skills below the level of conscious awareness.
Implicit procedural learning is essential to the development of any motor skill or cognitive activity.The acquisition of skill requires practice. Merely repeating a task alone, however, does not ensure the acquisition of a skill. Skill acquisition is achieved when an observed behaviour has changed due to experience or practice. This involves analyzing the desired skill and repeating them over and over to achieve success. So the process of overlearning helps the learner is to perform an activity accurately.
The situations where overlearning is involved includes learning multiplication tables, learning vocabulary for a foreign language, mastering an instrument, in making speeches or giving a performance in front of the audience.Studies have revealed that this overlearning actually reduces the amount of mental effort leading to better performance even under a pressurized situation. This goes by the old saying "Practice makes a man perfect"!